Activity Data of Off-road Engines in Construction


Off-road diesel equipment represents one of the most important sources of emissions in California, and a key area where NOx and PM reductions are needed to meet air quality standards. Construction and agricultural equipment is estimated to contribute about 8% of the NOx emissions in the State in 2016, and this relative contribution is expected to increase as emissions continue to decline from on-road heavy-duty vehicles. Understanding the contribution of the off-road diesel engines to the emissions inventory is critical to developing effective regulations for the off-road sector, and in evaluating what emissions control strategies are needed. For this, it is important understand the activity patterns for off-road equipment that can be used to accurately portray their in-use operation. Although some studies of off-road construction activity have been conducted over the years, the available data for off-road equipment is still considerably more limited compared to on-road mobiles sources. Additionally, the activity estimates being used in the current version of the OFFROAD model are based on survey data from before 2010, with much of that data not being specific to California fleets. The current study will expand on UCR and ARB studies by focusing on the activity data collection that will cover a comprehensive array of equipment types and engine power ratings for construction equipment, and later extending the collection to agricultural equipment. For this study, activity measurements will be made from at least 10 pieces of equipment, representing a range of horsepowers, for a range of 10 different equipment types. The data will be analyzed to provide summary statistics, including number of engine starts per day and distribution of soak times, as well as statistics and distributions of durations, load factors, and exhaust temperatures for each vocational use. This study will build on UCR’s extensive experience in monitoring both activity and emissions of off-road equipment. In addition to the internal resources available through UCR, we will also take advantage of our existing Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with the U.S. EPA. Under the CRADA, UCR has access to data loggers that would provided by the U.S. EPA. The U.S. EPA can also potentially provide additional resources to assist with the QA/QC and data analysis of the activity data.

Lead Researcher: Dr. Thomas Durbin Co-researchers: Dr. Kanok Boriboonsomsin, Dr. Kent Johnson